A touch of beauty on the plateau - headdress of Tibetan women
The Tibetan Nationality is chiefly distributed in Xizang (Tibet) Autonomous Region, Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan and their nearby provinces. The Tibetan Nationality is one of the age-old nationalities of China, whose chief agricultural crop is highland barley, but there are also other crops such as wheat, rape, pease and so on.
The Tibetan style of clothing and adornment can be roughly classified into four major types in terms of the four regions, East Tibet, South Tibet, Middle Tibet and North Tibet. Again, the four types can fall into two major types: that for the farming area and that for the pasturing area; all those types vary with different sexes, different social statuses and different identities. It is the common characteristic of Tibetan garments of all regions. As Tibetans live in a vast area and there are many mountains and rivers separating them from each other, even in the same nationality, there are quite different styles of clothing and ornament.
The Tibetan habiliment is a component of the mode of cultural life of the nationality while personal adornment is an important part of the habilatory culture of the Tibetan Nationality. What they use as adornments on their body fall into two kinds, gold or silver articles, or natural gemstones.
Of Tibetan habiliment culture, the headwear is an adornment with the strongest local color, forming an aesthetical taste with regional feature, and symbolizing the dressing styles of different regions.
Most Tibetan women plait their hair into numerous small pigtails, and their headwear is usually a natural gemstone, such as amber, coral, agate, etc. In ways of wearing, some fix the adornment directly in the pigtails, some fix all kinds of headwear they have chosen onto a piece of cloth which is close to the hair in color, and then connect it to their pigtails: being both beautiful and convenient. For the convenience of putting on their self-made wool felt poncho and the cap, the pigtails and the headwear usually concentrate on the lower part.
Married women in North Tibet divide their long hair in the middle, plait them into many pigtails; from the dividing part on the forehead, they string some coral, emerald or other gemstones on their thin pigtails; they plait their hair at the back into one thicker tail, and on it fix some silver coins whose size decreases gradually from top to bottom.
Unmarried women plait their hair into one or two tails, without much adorning.