China's Minority Peoples - The Salars
The Salars, with' a population of 87.697, mainly live in close community in Xunhua Salar Autonomous County of Qinghai Province. A few are scattered in Qinghai, Gansu and Xinjiang.
Killing sheep on the Festival of Fast-breaking
Salar young people reaping wheat
Salar women embroidering in their spare time
A well-oft salar family.
The Salar language, enriched with the Han and Tibetan vocabulary owing to the close contact, belongs to the Western Xiong branch of the Turkic group of the Altaic family. As the language has no written form, many Salars write with Chinese.
Influenced by Islam, the Salars, most of whom are Moslems, have much the same cus?toms as the nearby Huis. Men grow beards and wear black or white flat-topped, round caps and black vests over white shirts. Women wear tur?bans and shining gold and silver earrings and bracelets. The Salars excel in doing business, tan?ning and chopping trees. Horticulture is well developed. On swift currents of the Yellow River, they are very skillful in steering rafts.